Transcript of LOS NUKAK MAKU. LOS NUKAK MAKU LOS NUKAK MAKU LA ÚLTIMA TRIBU NÓMADA Desde el primer contacto regular en. Los ultimos nomadas de Colombia. Los nukak maku. 1, views. Share; Like; Download c31dsolano · Follow. Published on Nov 9, Los nukak se habían visto obligados a huir de sus hogares cuando la Los makú viven en pequeños grupos familiares, prefieren la selva.
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They are nomadic hunter-gatherers with seasonal nomadic patterns and in addition they practice a shifting horticulture in small scale. An ” uncontacted people ” until they have since lost half of their population, primarily to disease.
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Responses to this crisis include protests, requests for assimilation, and the suicide of leader Maw-be’. Nukak are expert hunters. The men hunt using blowguns, with darts coated with curare “manyi”, a poison made from different plants curares.
They specially hunt several species of monkeys Alouatta spp. Also they use javelins of Socratea exorrhiza palm wood to hunt two species of peccaries Tayassu pecari and T. Nukak neither hunt nor eat brocket deerOdocoileus virginianus and tapirs Nukzk terrestris ; these animals are considered by them as part of the same group of origin as human beings.
The Nukak also capture rodents Cuniculus sp. The Nukak eat several species of fish, like Hoplias sp.
Lately, part of this activity mau done using cord and metal fishooks, although the Nukak, to this day, still catch their fish in the traditional way, with bow and arrow or harpoons, traps or baskets “mei”, water cages.
They also use a very sophisticated technique that has been reported in several cultures. They collect honey of twenty species of bees and many fruits: Nukak take the sweet resin from “mupabuat” Lacunal sp. They collect vegetal materials like the elements necessary to cover their encampments “wopyi” with leaves of Phenakospermum guyannense and palms ; to make their hammocks with fiber of the cumare palm Astrocaryum sp. They make blades with the teeth of piranha, but lately they also use metallic ones.
Until they practised pottery in small scale, producing a small kind of pot to take makk them on their travels and a second, bigger kind, to leave as supplies in their key camping sites. Today they prefer to obtain metallic pots.
When they do not have matches or lighters, they use special wood Pausandra trianae to produce fire. At present time they do not make mirrors with the resin of Trattinickia glaziovii nor stone axes like they did in past times. The marriagebase of the domestic group, nkkak settled after the man has formally courted the woman with accepted gifts and she has acceded to live with him.
In order to look for a pairing, a man must have gone through an initiation ritual in which he endures several penalties and difficulties, to demonstrate the fundamental abilities for the subsistence and consumes a hallucinogen Virola sp.
The most suitable couple is one made up by crossed cousins.
Parallel cousins marriage is forbidden, that being the reason why each man looks for a suitable woman in groups where his maternal sisters and aunts are married and therefore the unmarried are eligible. If the woman still lives in the home of the father, the gifts must include him. If the woman accepts, she settles down in the encampment of the man and if they have a child then they are considered a formal pair, which establishes mutual relations of kinshipexpressed in rights and duties of reciprocity.
A man can marry several wives, although a single wife is most common, and examples of three or more are rare. This polygyny coexists with a temporal polyandry during the pregnancy in order to improve the qualities of the baby.
Each domestic group is part of a territorial group and other groups that are established to perform specific duties like security measures, according to the different stations and situations.
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In certain special occasions different groups join, after they practice a special ritual, “entiwat”, in which the groups dance face to face, striking and verbally injuring each other until the ritual reaches a climatic moment in which they all embrace, weeping while they remember their ancestors and express affection. The groups practice a form of exchange, “ihinihat”, especially when all the resources are not in the same territory.
Nukak people speak a tonal Nadahup language. The Nukak have already suffered the devastation of their population by malariameasles and pulmonary diseases since their contact with the New Tribes Mission and other outsiders beginning in ;  now, coca growers, left-wing FARC guerillasright-wing AUC paramilitaries and the Colombian army have occupied their lands.
These aboriginals have therefore become embroiled in Colombia’s armed conflict. Ina group of nearly 80 Nukak left the jungle and sought assimilation along with cultural preservation. As one of the migrants, Pia-pe, put it: Niall Ferguson cites them as an example of a hunter-gathering tribe which, hitherto ignorant of a money economy, has shown itself happy to exchange an arduous traditional life in their jungle homelands for a subsistence existence based on government handouts at the periphery of a globalized world of finance.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the language, see Nukak language. Retrieved 31 March A Financial history of the world, Penguin Books, p. Ancestry and ethnicity in Colombia.
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