KATHAKALI MUDRAS PDF

Mudras. Kathakali mudras (hand gestures). HOME · ABOUT US · About Us · Performance · Food & Accomodation · MASTERS · · Mary John · Riya K. Mudras (hand poses) play a pivotal role in Kathakali. Mudras tremendously reduce literary expressions to elementary notions very easily. The basic Mudras. Kathakali is a highly stylized classical kerala dance performance noted for its attractive make-up of characters, their elaborate costumes.

Author: Mikarn Grotilar
Country: Finland
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Art
Published (Last): 13 January 2012
Pages: 296
PDF File Size: 13.40 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.25 Mb
ISBN: 398-6-21656-897-2
Downloads: 83289
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Voodookazahn

Kathakali, literally meaning ‘story-play’, is a dance-drama originated in the 17th century in Kerala, one of the smallest states in India lying on the west coast of the Indian peninsula.

Scholars are of opinion that Kathakali is the result of a fusion between all Indian theater tradition represented by Koodiyattom and the indigenous tradition of folk dance forms. It was one of the Rajas Chieftain of Kottarakkara, who wrote the first play intended for Kathakali performance. They form a cycle of eight stories based on Ramayana. The performance for each story was designed to last for six to eight hours. The performed stories were then known as Ramanattom play pertaining to Ramawhich later came to be called as Kathakali.

Stories based on other epics and puranas were added to its repertoire in later period. The role of each of these art forms is very vital in the making of Kathakali what it is, the King of performing arts, particularly theatre. In olden days Kathakali performance mostly took place on temple premises or at the house of a local landlord. For a typical performance, a simple temporary pandal canopy made of thatched roof will be erected.

The stage will be decorated with coconut leaves, bunches of areca nuts etc. The only source of light is a big bell metal lamp placed down the center stage.

The level of the stage used to be the same as that of the ground where people used to squat while witnessing the performance. Kathakali is a dance-drama in which a high degree of stylization is seen in the method of acting, presentation, make-up and costuming.

The acting mode of Kathakali in its totality can be better understood in terms of four-fold scheme of historic representation given in Natyasastra.

Angika — pertaining to the body and its limbs Vachika — relating to the vocal including proper pronunciation, modulation of voice accents and percussion Satvika — representation of psychic condition Ahraya — costume, make-up, stage props mathakali Angika Abhinaya: This involves the whole body of the actor and included an elaborate scheme of facial expression, mime, and gestures, accompanied by their appropriate movements, poses and attitudes. Hand gestures are another integral part of Angika since the interpretation of the text is mainly conveyed through this.

  GUITARMAKING TRADITION AND TECHNOLOGY PDF

One of the distinguishing characteristics of Kathakali is that the actors do not speak. Vachika drama text in the form of verses and songs are recited and sung by kathakalj. These songs are explained and interpreted in details by actors through an elaborate method of angikabhinaya, which consists of highly codified gestures, facial expression, and body movements. A highly stylized technique in the invocation of bhava has been developed in Kathakali.

This is called Rasabhinava.

mueras Indian dramatic theory explains 9 kinds of basic sentiments, Rasa with a corresponding sthayi bhava emotional stayi mood. Through a systematic process of practice an actor gain a full control of the facial muscles, which enables him to express the bhavas. Through an internal discipline an actor develops his ability in mastering this action technique. This will help the actor to go deeper into the characterization of the role in proper situation in the play.

Apart from the above sets of emotional moods Natyasastra lists another set of 8 moods, which is called Satvika Bhavas, compared to Angikabhinaya this is more subtle and involuntary. The actor himself does a major part of the face make-up. However, specially trained artists are entrusted to apply Chutty framing the face with white paper and rice paste.

Design varies according to the type of characters.

The communication among the characters and to the audience is through an kathakwli language of hand gestures, used in combination with facial expression and body movements. There are 24 Basic Mudras hand gestures in the “Hasthalakshana Deepika”, which Kathakali is followed. Considering all these Mudras and their seperations there are totally symbols used in Kathakali. The headgear worn by the various characters in Kathakali are excellent specimen of intricate woodcarving, an ancient speciality of the region.

Kathakali Mudras Stock Photos & Kathakali Mudras Stock Images – Alamy

Even the shiny finishing with trinkets take hours of painstaking labour by expert craftsmen. Most of the ornaments donning each character are made in this fashion too. The make-up, called Chutty in the bibliography of Kathakali, is also an art form in itself. The colourful faces are the results of hours of painstaking handiwork by expert artists.

The basic materials used for mueras make up are very crude items like raw amorphous Sulphur, Indigo, Rice paste, Lime, Coconut oil etc.

One of the major distinguishing features of Kathakali is the absence of oral communication. A considerable part of katbakali script is in the form of lyrics, sung by vocalists. The only accompaniments are percussion instruments. It is not unusual that a Kathakali performance take the form of a Jugalbandi Duet of singing and acting. Drumming especially of Chenda is the salient ,udras of Kathakali. Artists are capable of producing a range of sounds varying from the gentle rattle of dry leaves in a breeze to reverberating thunder on Chenda.

  HIGH PERFORMANCE WEBSITES STEVE SOUDERS PDF

Although dance is an important element in Kathakali, it is not the main feature. Pure dance sequences are limited to Kalasams, which punctuate acting segments. Female characters spontaneously breaking into “Sari” and “Kummi” dances can be seen in few dramas.

The accent in Kathakali is more on the Thandava style of dancing than on Lasya style. Hence the movements are often explosive.

Delicate movements are rare. Kathakali Kathakali, literally meaning ‘story-play’, is a dance-drama originated in the 17th century in Kerala, one of the smallest states in India lying on the west coast of the Indian peninsula.

Kathakali is a harmonious combination of five forms of fine art: Literature Sahithyam Music Sangeetham Painting Chithram Acting Kthakali Dance Nritham The role kathakqli each of these art forms is very vital in the making of Kathakali what it is, the King of performing arts, particularly theatre.

Structure of the Performance In olden days Kathakali performance mostly took place on temple premises or at the house of a local landlord. Techniques Kathakali is a dance-drama in which a high degree of stylization kathakaki seen in the method of acting, presentation, make-up and costuming.

Kathakali – Google Drive

They are Angika — pertaining to the body and its limbs Vachika — relating to the vocal including proper pronunciation, modulation of voice accents and percussion Satvika — representation of psychic condition Ahraya — costume, make-up, stage props etc Angika Abhinaya: This will help the actor to go deeper into the characterization of the role in proper situation in the play The actor himself does a major part of the face make-up.

Mudras The communication among the characters and to the audience is through an intricate language of hand gestures, used in combination with facial expression and body movements. There are two types of Mudras: Samaana Mudras Same Mudras: That is, some symbols are shown using two different Mudras in both hands. There are 68 Mixed Mudras.

kathakali mudras

For mudrax to show the symbol “Indra”, the Mudra “Sikharam” in one hand and the Mudra “Mushti” in the other hand; for ‘Sivan’ the Mudras used are “Mrigaseersham” and “Hamsapaksham”; etc Costumes The headgear worn by the various characters in Kathakali are excellent specimen of intricate woodcarving, an ancient speciality of the region.

Make-up The make-up, called Chutty in the bibliography of Kathakali, is also an art form in itself. Music One of the major distinguishing features of Kathakali is the absence of oral communication. Dance Although dance is an important element in Kathakali, it is not the main feature.