La entrevista motivacional como herramienta para el fomento de cambios en el estilo de vida de personas con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles sergio. such as motivational interviewing (Gantiva & Flórez, in press; Lizarraga & Ayarra, ; . Entrevista motivacional en consumidores excesivos de alcohol: . Free Online Library: Eficacia de la entrevista motivacional para promover la caracteristicas denominada entrevista motivacional (EM) (Lizarraga & Ayarra.

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Services on Demand Article. Brief intervention is understood as the involvement of motivational processes to enable the person to make decisions regarding emotional and instrumental coping which move her in the direction of emotional relief or solution of the crisis. An important fact is entreviista a critical event modifies the sensitivity of the person to other facts which, without the presence of a CSmight have a completely different meaning.

Entrevista motivacional [Motivational ejtrevista. Level 3 is formed by ideological-conceptual, evaluative, higher motivational, and constructive schemata. In the above example, a student who endures a critical situation of the affective sort e.

It makes more sense to argue that the emotional experience of anger advances the person towards adaptation insofar as it favors the filtering of the situation through a signification of challenge, than to argue that the anger stage is a systematic and necessary antecedent for adaptation. The conceptual psychological model of a motivational type here proposed to account for this psychological characterization of crises, from which further considerations for intervention will be abstracted, kotivacional been called dual parallel processing in crisis situations DPP-CS.

Making sense of our emotions. The factor ruling the emotional predominance in one or the other sense e. Kizarraga the natural sequencing of relatively simple behaviors that are chained to form complex actions, the consequences of complex actions being competent as a professional are long-term outcomes of the other consequences having studied for satisfactory passing of the notivacional.

Such a motivational restructuring might either assume a maladaptive path, becoming then a means of deepening the harm associated with the CSor a means of adaptation and construction of a new situation, assuming the opportunity characteristics that a number of Chinese proverbs refer to regarding crises.

General and Applied80 1, Pt.

The exercise of control. The highest level of emotional response occurs with the onset of the event and, as long as there is temporal incertitude, lizarrxga higher the possibility of preparation for coping or -alternatively- of incubation of anxiety will be, depending on the quality of the accomplished appraisal.

In other theoretical contexts originated in the dual processing model, such as the protection motivation theory Rogers,this primary appraisal is called threat appraisaland is operationalized in terms of the perception of severity and of the perception of susceptibility a person has about real or potential damages. The clarity of the solution is a property referring to incertitude, as it alludes to the need that a person will purport true intentions, both in terms of her reinforcement-outcome expectations referring to the efficacy of action, and in terms of her self-efficacy expectations, regardless of the objective ambiguity the situation entails in itself.


Some examples of simple implementation intentions in a CS include maintaining job activity, praying, carrying out the triad of self-control, requesting help, emphasizing the lesser evil, and so on.

Incertitude is the probability a person attributes to the real occurrence of an event. In this case, the clarity that aversive feelings are contingent to waking up or to the aforementioned thoughts, determines that these two stimuli can become a warning signaling a possible action to be performed to prevent the onset of the experienced distress.

Strong effects of simple plans. In a CSby definition, the event occurs in vital areas highly valued by the person e.

A property of these emotional cognitive attitudes is that they reduce the thresholds required to produce a specific emotional response. This methodological approach is adopted by way of the conceptualization of brief motivational interviewing in crisis situations BMI in CS as an essentially cognitive procedure, which requires the adoption of a formulation system orienting the methodology of assessment and treatment with a foundation in the dynamics of real events occurring to the person suffering a CS ; in such dynamics, a determinant priority of cognitive events over emotional and motor events is assumed.

L’ENTREVISTA MOTIVACIONAL by Claudia Garcia Sola on Prezi Next

Preparing people to change addictive behavior. By the same token, it makes more sense to argue that the recurrence of the emotional experience of fear favors the filtering through a signification of harm that leads the person to hopelessness and depression than to propose that the fear stage is followed by the depression stage in the adaptive cycle.

These beliefs were mentioned before as related to outcome expectations and self-efficacy expectations. As can be anticipated, people tend to be more active and exert more control initiatives in situations in which they consider the outcomes to be determined by their own actions, than when they perceive them as unchangeable in a fatalistic manner e.

Psychological Review84 2 These are very diverse beliefs, some very general, which can encompass all aspects of a person’s life, and others more specific and restricted to those aspects related to the CS. These questions have answers that are not always clear or which do not refer to real conditions; cognitive biases and heuristics, illusions of control, and cognitive distortions -all of them processes playing a more relevant role in situations of incertitude- might lead to very different routes of appraisal and decision -more or less rational- with an increase in the probability of making mistakes in the decision-making process.


These are aspects of temporal parameter referring to the temporal imminence, duration, and incertitude. Emotional pain is brought about by a cognitive attitude emphasizing loss, but with a parallel emphasis on hope and on attention to positive remnants in the very zone in which the crisis is produced and in other zones of the vital field. This emotional reaction in the face of which the individual cannot contemplate efficient options of personal management, requires the implementation of priority attention, or special emergency intervention, occasionally called crisis interventionbut which is in reality an urgency intervention to the aggravation of the crisis caused by the emotional reaction of intense suffering, which the person interprets as an inescapable and unavoidable event.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Luis E. For example, in a crisis generated by the kidnapping or disappearance of a loved one, incertitude about the event leads to a state of confusion in which it is quite difficult to perform control anticipations and reasonable decision-making, because of the paralysis of any anticipatory coping process, and practically for the only thing the person can do is to prepare for the worst of the possible consequences.

The objective of this paper is to present a cognitive-behavioral model that makes it possible to explain the crisis situation CS in terms of intense motivational involvement, and to propose a brief motivational intervention proposal in CS.

In the conceptualization of crisis on the basis of the dual parallel process model, focused on the control of harm and the control of the emotional state, two aspects are particularly important regarding considerations about stress: At an extreme at which emotional pain absence of relief and lack of clarity regarding the possibilities to cope with harm are predominant, a CS can lead the person along a path of extreme autonomic arousal where decisions can deliberately assume a path of self-destruction, further leading in both cases to an emergency situation within the CSor in a more general way, the person’s situation can negatively evolve assuming characteristics proper of an anxiety disorder or an affective disorder Barlow, Is what can be done acceptable?

In a parallel manner, valences can be modified in other areas, which affects the general motivation of a person e.