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The absorption capacity generally depends on the conditions, on which these resources dyrektyw made available and on the level of the social-economic development of the region. Each country applying for member- ship in the European Union is obliged to unconditionally accept the acquis communautaire. The measures are aimed at balancing the circulation of natural elements in the agricultural ecosystem, reducing the negative impact of the economy on the environment, increasing biolo- gical diversity, maintenance of typi- cal agricultural landscapes etc.

Buffer zones are made for the protection dyrektywwa water reservoirs, watercourses, land threatened by erosion or to isolate of areas that may be endangered by pollution. The directive requires legislative, protection, control and monitoring activities in order to im- plement its provisions. The objec- tives of the Directive concern the protection and preservation of all bird populations living naturally in wild conditions, the legal regulation of trade and acquisition of game- -birds and counteracting some me- thods of catching and killing them.

The Birds Directive consists of 19 arti- cles and 5 attachments, which deter- mine in more detail the methods of its implementation. Subsequent chan- ges occur much more slowly than those during earlier successional stages. It was recognised that agriculture requires special treatment because of the long pro- duction period, frequently affected by factors independent from man and investments, where the incurred out- lays are returned a lot later compared to other sectors of the economy, and the capital turnover is slower.

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It was also assumed that agriculture does not have conditions to meet the com- petition on the global market. The special treatment of the agricultural sector was also influenced by con- straints associated with the preser- vation of the cultural rural heritage and the protection of the natural environment with the parallel protec- tion of rural areas as an integral part of Europe’s landscape.

Under the common agricultural market cus- toms fees and quantitative barriers were eliminated in trade between the member states, the common cus- toms tariff and trade policy was established in regard to other coun- tries that are not members of the European Union, the barriers in the free transfer of people, services and capital were eliminated between member states and the legal systems of the member states were stan- dardised in this area.

The cor- rect cultivation of catch crops pre- vents the contamination of water and soil erosion. The sowing date differs because of the weather.

The selection of the varieties de- pends on the soil quality and moisture conditions. The sowing can be either single variety or a mixture of 2 or 3 varieties, which ensures better coverage of the soil. Only grass should be used as underplanted catch crop and should be sown in the spring into the growing winter crops or together with the sowing of spring crops.

Birds Directive – Wikidata

The grass should cover the soil until early spring next year, i. The major objec- tive of cultivating the winter catch crop is to produce fodder, which can be used in the spring season. At the same time these crops serve as a protective ptassia co- vering the soil from early autumn until spring the next year. Under the program many data- bases were established in each member state since also in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Romania and Hungary designed according to the standardised me- thodology.


These databases will be stored and made available in the form of the application of the Geo- graphical Information System GIS. The database available on the Inter- net: Denitrification occurs under anaerobic conditions and results in loss of available nitro- gen from the soil.

The directive is targeted at all or some of the EU countries. It is binding in regard to the ultimate goal but leaves member states freedom of selecting the measures and methods. It is normal- ly marked topographically by high ground. Classically, the term refers to the colonization of a new physical environment dyremtywa a series of vegetation communities until a final equilibrium state, the climax is achieved.

NATURA by Nicole Jagg on Prezi

Under the ecosystem energy flows and matter circulates. The energy comes from the sun and is distrib- uted by subsequent trophic levels and matter comes from the abiotic elements of the ecosystem and is introduced into circulation by the producers plantsgoes through subsequent trophic levels and again becomes the abiotic component after the decomposition of the dead parts of the organisms.

The agricultural ecosystem includes the air, soil and the micro organisms and inverte- brates living in it, both the crop plants and weeds, wild animals eating these plants and livestock. Under the agricultural ecosystem the matter circulation is frequently inter- rupted, especially in intensive pro- duction, as it is delivered to the ecosystem in the form of fertilisers and removed along with the agricul- tural produce plants and animals produced on the farm.

Sustainable agriculture concerns inter alia the balance of the ecosystem. The ecotone zones are usually cha- racterised by higher biological diver- sity than neighbouring biocenoses.

The ecotone zones should be taken into account when determining the agricultural-forest border under the afforestation programs. See also Good Farming Practice Code. Zones for implementation of the Dyretywa I of agri-environmental pro- gramme. The fund executes pgasia alia the following tasks: It is one of the financial instruments of the regional policy structural po- licy of the European Community. Examples are interest on debt, property taxes, rent, land dyrektyda buildings, other general farming costs and depreciation of plant, machinery and vehicles.

Keeping all local breeds and types by keeping for example non-productive varieties of plants and animals is task of biodiversity protection strategy. It is important to keep vast genetic resources for future purposes such as acquisition of new more productive or disease resistant breeds, by utilising the existing features of the non-produc- tive organisms.

Gromadzka, Jadwiga

Good Farming Practice Code Kodeks Dobrej Praktyki Rolniczej — the set of rules and dyrekttywa in respect of the management of the farm intended to reduce pollution and environmental degradation.

Habitats Directive Dyrektywa Siedlis- kowa — aims at preserving the bio- logical diversity in the European area of EU member states. The Directive consists of 27 articles and 6 attach- ments, which refer to the legal, finan- cial and nature aspects of NATURA dyeektywa.

The components of this system enable to effective distri- bution and administration of the common resources of the European Union member states dedicated to the subsidies to the production and rural development. For example lichens may be used as indicators of air pollution. This support includes activities in the area of envi- ronmental law and policy and adjust- ment of communication and trans- port networks to European stan- dards.


ISPA provides financial re- sources for investments. The re- sources are distributed proportional- ly to the population, size of the coun- try and GDP per capita. It is also possible to pay LFA compensation where agricultural use is restricted as a result of EC envi- ronment protection rules.

The network is to be composed of: The establishment of the network of protected areas should favour the preservation of the places of exis- tence of endangered animal and plant species, and the reconstruction of the population to a level guaran- teeing its sustainability. This shall be achieved by preserving the natural habitats biotopes and birds habi- tats, which are protected under the Birds Directive.

The major tasks under the Habitats Directive also include the restoration of the lost values for the habitats, which performed or should perform the role of an important link within the network’s structure. The Nitrate Directive is imple- mented in Polish agriculture and is associated with the special require- ments and obligations, i. The basic legal forms of such organisations are associations and foundations.

The basic rules of its implementation po- licy are the co-financing, partnership, programming and concentration of resources. The EU provides support for activities undertaken according to the Regional Policy Objective and co-ordinates its implementation with the intention of achieving the full integration inside the EU. The instru- ments of financing this policy are the Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund. They include the adjustment of law, institutions and structures especially economic ones to EU law and practice.

Catchments are separated by divides watersheds. The Plan must be implemented whole over the country.

Strategic assumptions of the Plan will be implemented on the basis of eight activities: Its superior objective is the facilitation of the inte- gration of the agricultural sector with the EU through the acceleration of adopting EU acquis communautaire in agricultural domain, stimulation of rural development and restructuring of the food economy.

These projects will serve the purpose of incorporat- ing the agriculture sectors of candi- date countries into the Common Agricultural Policy system and Structural Policy system of the EU. This might lead to the deformation of the land surface and destruction of the soil profile. Dtrektywa objectives of these funds are stipula- ted under the Uniform European Act and they operate according to the following principles: The pfasia by law cannot change the dedication of the resources and spend the sub- sidy envisaged, for example to keep the hospital for the constriction of a city hall or study visit abroad.

The subsidy serves the purpose of the recipient to execute priority tasks from the donor’s point of view like government. Those standards must be applied to the whole farm and establish a reference level, obliging all the beneficiaries of agri-environ- mental programmes.

There is no payment for following UGFP.

WTO is also involved in moni- toring national trade policies, techni- cal assistance and training for deve- loping countries and cooperation with other international organiza- tions.