2, × 1,; MB. Hrvatski povijesni muzej Domovinski rat 62 Opci okvirni × ; Title: DEJTONSKI MIROVNI SPORAZUM I NJEGOVA REALNOST. (Croatian); Alternate Title: DAYTON PEACE AGREEMENT AND ITS REALITY. (English). Državnost Bosne i Hercegovine i Dejtonski mirovni sporazum. Responsibility: [ redakcioni odbor Ibrahim Festić et al.]. Language: Croatian. In Serbo-Croatian .
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Dejtonski mirovni sporazumSerbian: Dejtonski mirovni sporazumCroatian: Though basic elements of the Dayton Agreement were proposed in international talks as early as these negotiations were initiated following the unsuccessful previous peace efforts and arrangementsthe August Croatian military Operation Storm and its aftermath, the government military offensive against the Republika Srpskaconducted in parallel with NATO’s Operation Deliberate Force.
During September and Octoberworld powers especially the United States and Russiagathered in the Contact Groupapplied intense pressure to the leaders of the three sides to attend the negotiations in Dayton, Ohio. The conference took place from 1—21 November The secure site was chosen in order to remove all the parties from their comfort zone, without which they would have little incentive to negotiate; to reduce their ability to negotiate through the media; and to securely dejtonxki over staff and attendants.
Curbing the participants’ ability to negotiate via the media was a xporazum important consideration. Richard Holbrooke wanted to prevent posturing through early leaks to the press. The agreement’s main purpose is to promote peace and stability in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to endorse regional balance in and around the former Yugoslavia Article V, annex 1-Bthus in a regional perspective.
The present political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and its structure of government were agreed upon, as part the constitution that makes up Annex 4 of the General Framework Agreement concluded at Dayton.
A key component of this was the delineation of the Inter-Entity Boundary Line to which many of the tasks listed in the Annexes referred. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a complete state, as opposed to a confederation; no entity or entities could ever be separated from Bosnia and Herzegovina unless by due legal process. Although highly decentralised in its entities, it would still retain a central government, with a rotating State Presidency, a central bank and a constitutional court.
The agreement mandated a wide range of international organizations to monitor, oversee and implement components of the agreement.
The Office of the High Representative was charged with the task of civil implementation. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe was charged with organising the first free elections in On 13 Octoberthe Croatian Law Party and the Bosnia-Herzegovina Law Party requested the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina to annul several decisions and to confirm one decision of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and, more importantly, to review the constitutionality of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina since it was alleged that the agreement violated the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina in a way that it undermined the integrity of the state and could cause the dissolution of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Rezolucije Vijeća sigurnosti UN-a | Office of the High Representative
The Court reached the conclusion that it is not competent to decide the dispute in regards to the mentioned decisions since the applicants were not subjects that were identified in Article VI. The Court also rejected the other request:. The Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina was adopted as Annex IV to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and consequently there cannot dejtondki a conflict or a possibility for controversy between this Agreement and the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
It was one of the early cases in which the Court had to deal with the question of the legal nature of the Constitution. By making the remark in the manner of obiter dictum concerning the Annex IV the Constitution and the rest of the peace agreement, the Court actually “established the mirovnu for legal unity ”  of the entire peace agreement, which further implied that all of the annexes are in the hierarchical equality.
In later decisions the Court confirmed that by using other annexes of the peace agreement as a direct base for the analysis, not only in the context of systematic interpretation of the Annex IV. However, since the Court rejected the presented request of the appellants, it did not go into details concerning the controversial questions of the legality of the process in which the new Constitution Annex IV came to power and replaced the former Constitution of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Court used the same reasoning to dismiss the similar claim in a later case. Bosniaks got most of Sarajevo and some important positions in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina while they lost only a few locations on Mount Ozren and in western Bosnia. Large tracts of prewar Bosniak and Bosnian Croat inhabited lands remained under Bosnian Serb control. The immediate purpose of the agreement was to freeze the military confrontation and prevent it from resuming.
It was thefore defined as a “construction of necessity”. Still, the Dayton Agreement proved to be a highly flexible instrument, allowing Bosnia and Herzegovina to move from an early post-conflict phase through reconstruction and consolidation, passing from a consociationalist approach to a more integrationist one. Wolfgang PetritschOHRhas argued that the Dayton framework has allowed the international community to move “from statebuilding via institutions and capacity-building to identity building”, putting Bosnia and Herzegovina “on the road to Brussels “.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Native American treaty, see Treaty with the Kalapuya, etc. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Seated from left to right: Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina President list: Retrieved 16 January US Department of State.
Retrieved 5 May Post-Dayton Bosnia uncoveredLondon: Journal of Diplomacy and international Relations. Retrieved 28 January Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding: Retrieved 21 Migovni Retrieved 13 April Part of the Yugoslav Wars.
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