The following points highlight the top eight types of stoma in the epidermis. The types are: 1. Anomocytic 2. Anisocytic 3. Paracytic 4. Diacytic 5. Actinocytic 6. The stomata are minute pores which occur in the epidermis of the plants. Stomata. Guard cells of Vicia faba. Epidermis. 2. Cruciferous or Anisocytic. Anomocytic. Stomata are with few surrounding cells which are undifferen- tiated from the normal epidermal cells (Fig. 1I). Anomotetracytic.

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Let us learn about Stomata. After reading this article you will learn about: Definition of Stomata 2.

Top 8 Types of Stoma in the Epidermis | Plants

Types of Stomata 3. Top function of Stomata.

The stomata are minute pores which occur in the epidermis of the plants. Each stoma remains surrounded by two kidneys or bean shaped epidermal cells the guard cells. The stomata may occur on any part of a plant except the stomwta. The epidermal cells bordering the guard cells are called accessory cells or subsidiary cells. Generally the term stoma is applied to the stomatal opening and the guard cells. The guard cells are living and contain chloroplasts in them.


They also contain a larger proportion of protoplasm than other epidermal cells. Usually in the leaves of dicotyledons the stomata remain scattered whereas in the leaves of monocotyldons they are arranged in parallel rows. The number of stomata may also range on the surface of a single leaf from a few thousand to hundreds of thousands per square anomocttic. Stomata occur on both upper and lower surfaces of leaf, but especially they are confined to the lower surface.

In floating leaves Stomata are confined only on the upper surface of the dtomata. Under normal conditions the stomata remain closed in the absence of light or in anoocytic or remain open in the presence of light or in day time.

Structurally the stomata may be of different types. In this type the stoma remains surrounded by a limited number of subsidiary cells which are quite alike the remaining epidermal cells. The accessory or subsidiary cells are five in number.

Stomata: Definition, Types and Functions (with Diagrams) | Botany

In this type stoma remains surrounded by three accessory or subsidiary cells of which one is distinctly smaller than the other two. In this type, the stoma remains surrounded by two subsidiary or accessory cells which are parallel to the long axis of the pore and guard cells. The gramineous stoma possesses guard cells of which the middle portions are much narrower than the ends so that the cells appear in surface view like dump-bells.

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They are commonly found in Gramineae and Cyperaceae of monocotyledons. They are sunken and appear as though suspended from the subsidiary cells arching over them. In their median parts the guard cells are elliptical in section and have narrow lumina. At their ends they have wider lumina and are triangular in section. The characteristic of these guard cells is that their walls and those of the subsidiary cells are partly lignified and partly non-lignified.

To facilitate this function, each stoma opens in a sub-stomatal chamber or respiratory cavity.

Evaporation of water also takes place through stomata. Meaning and Types With Diagram Biology. Top 7 Essays on Cancer. Stelar System of Plant: Definition and Types With Diagrams.

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